Architecture and building have always been on the cutting edge of material and technology advances. As a result, it's not unusual to come across a project combining artificial intelligence and robotics in a novel approach to these arts, especially at a prestigious technological university like the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich.
They're experimenting with robotic design and construction to see how homes and offices might be created in a decade.
Researchers at ETH Zurich are designing and producing a 22.5-meter-high green architectural sculpture inspired by the mythological structures of Babylon using artificial intelligence and four collaborative robots.
The Semiramis project (named after Babylon's Queen) began in 2019 as a cooperation between human and artificial intelligence creators.
Fabio Gramazio and Mathias Koehler, both architectural professors, came up with the general concept. However, the design was completed using a combination of computer models and machine learning algorithms to identify basic needs such as size, irrigation requirements, and building style.
During the design phase, the team might, for example, move one of the structure's bigger capsules or alter the layout of the panels that make up its surface.
The software they developed alters the geometry of the overall chassis and other panels on the fly to accommodate these changes and ensure that they can safely support their weight, among other things.
In architecture, there are numerous automated processes. However, in terms of control, this initiative is pushing the envelope to new heights.
The goal is to make it a collaborative effort rather than just the kind of architectural examination that keeps the project on track.
"We may reverse the typical design process and investigate the complete design breadth of the project with the computer model," Koehler added. As a result, new and often startling geometric shapes emerge.
Following the completion of the final design. Another squad of four robotic arms is in charge of construction. To keep many large items in place, these arms work together as a team. The resin that holds things together is set by the human factor.
The Semiramis project is assembled in the workshop before being sent piece by piece to its eventual destination in the Tech Cluster Zug. It must be completed and ready to receive soil and seed in the spring.